Thinking that washing the face is an insignificant phase for skin care will be the way to obtain dry, dull skin with serious dermatological problems, even more so today that environmental pollution has reached record levels. Our great-grandmother used to wash her face with clean water from the well, but we wash ourselves with hard, chlorinated water. Thus, unfortunately the wrong washing is the first step to premature aging of the skin. Everyone knows that if the skin is not clean enough, all subsequent care (serum, mask, cream) does not make much sense.
Maybe it's a little ridiculous to remember it... however: before cleansing your face you must wash your hands thoroughly, which are always full of bacteria taken from telephones, computer keyboards, door handles and so on.
The water for washing must be neither cold nor hot, cold water contributes to poor blood circulation and worsens skin nutrition, hot water has a vasodilator effect which weakens the walls of the superficial capillaries, depriving the skin elasticity leading to premature aging. The bottom line is that the best water temperature for washing is lukewarm.
Too frequent washing damages the functionality of the natural protective barrier and creates the conditions for acne to develop. The optimal amount of washes depends on the skin type, season and the degree of impurities.
For example, normal skin is not particularly picky about the choice of cleaning agent and does not need to be washed in the morning, it is enough to rinse it with warm water.
For the care of sensitive skin it is necessary to use products without dyes, synthetic perfumes and surfactants. If a surfactant (sodium or ammonium lauryl sulfate) is present in the formulation then this product will worsen the condition of sensitive skin by damaging the protective barrier. Particular attention must be paid to thorough cleaning of the face after washing it with a foaming product, because its residues can cause severe irritation. You need very delicate products, even those intended for children's sensitive skin are fine.
If you have oily acne-prone skin, you can wash your face twice a day with relatively warm water (+37 ... + 42 ° C). Your cleaning products should contain around 3% salicylic acid which has an antiseptic effect. This component lowers inflammation and makes the skin dull by eliminating excess sebum. Oily but non-acne prone skin can be cleaned with a product that has a lower salicylic acid content (0.5-1%).
For dry skin, a mild, creamy foaming cleanser that contains shea butter, chamomile and vitamin E is perfect. Of course, it is best to wash dry skin with soft water (filtered, bottled, boiled or thawed), hard water unfortunately contains too many salts that negatively affect even the healthiest skin.
Rubbing your face with a towel after cleansing causes damage to the top layer of the epidermis. The most you are allowed is to gently dab your wet face.
Lately we often get asked about the use of soap, of course it's better not to use it: it's alkaline and disturbs the pH of the skin, consequently leading to dehydration and weakening of the barrier. If you use a soap for the face most of the oils contained must be unsaponified, the soap made in this way, on the contrary, will restore the protective barrier.
Take care of your beauty.